Bus Solutions

Bus Solutions

TapToPay AFC Solution for Bus enables bus operators to both issue contactless smart cards and cash paper tickets. Verification and reloading is conveniently done through mobile and desktop units. TapToPay also provides operators with an array of reporting tools, making use of computerized transaction records for extensive data review and analysis. It is also easy to manage system configurations in TapToPay AFC Solution for Bus, which equips operators with the flexibility to accommodate different business and fare structures, and operating environments.

System Architecture

  • The solution comprises different subsystems, namely Reloading System, On-Board system, Depot Computer System, and Central Computer System.
  • Reloading System is a subsystem in which cardholders pay to cashier in return for e-money.
  • On-board system comprises Bus Validator, Driver Console and Ticket Printer, and Electronic Ticketing Machine (Optional). While all of the above are with payment functions, cardholder can also reload his/her card at Electronic Ticketing Machine.
  • Depot Computer System gathers and uploads transaction records from On-Board System, meanwhile Central Computer System, where all the transaction records are stored, sends across data to On-Board System via Depot Computer System.

Diagram for bus solution
Commuter buys AFC card at customer service centers or bus interchanges. The customer service counter is equipped with Reloading Terminal.
Upon boarding the bus, commuters tap AFC cards at Bus Validator installed on the bus. For fixed fare, commuters only tap at Bus Validator once upon entry. For distanced-based fare, commuters tap in and out in order to get the exact amount of fare deducted.
For commuters who pay in cash, drivers select the fare amount and print out paper receipts as tickets using Driver Console. A paper ticket with boarding stop, date and time, fare amount and security check-code will be printed.
For ticket inspection, ticket inspector with Ticket Inspector terminal checks the boarding and alighting stations, transaction amount and card information recorded in the cards. Inspector will check the printed paper tickets for commuters who pay in cash.
Transaction records are uploaded to and blacklist is downloaded from Central Computer. Bus Validator communicates to Central Computer on regular basis via mobile communication (GPRS/WiFi). Communication between Reloading Terminal and Central Computer is done via LAN network.
Central Computer checks transaction certificate to ensure that there is no tampering of transaction record. It also checks the debit certificate to ensure that the money is indeed debited from the card by the said terminal.
With the transaction records, Central Computer can generate different kinds of report and analysis, e.g. topup statistics, debit statistics, bus report, bus line report, ridership analysis, etc.
Bus AFC Overview
Card Sales
Card Payment
Cash Payment
Inspection
Data Exchange
Backend Processing
Reports